Pain or tenderness in the soft tissues of the muscles often come and go with exercise, which is a common cause of these unsightly cramps. However, some of these cramping aches may worsen, and a build-up of these micro cramps in the soft tissues is characterized as myofascial pain syndrome. This causes extreme discomfort in some individuals, who may resort to over-the-counter medication to treat the pain, but it is important to treat the underlying issue so that the myofascial pain is eliminated.
The Common Causes of Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Although there is no exact “cause” of myofascial pain syndrome, there are common theories on why these cramps advance and create restriction in muscle tissue. Some common triggers are inadequate sleep, lethargy, and an inflexible body. Invest in a quality, firm mattress and comfortable pillows, which may assist in reducing the localized muscle pain. In addition, aim to stretch the muscles daily to eliminate muscle stiffness. It may sound counter intuitive to exercise when the body is already in discomfort, but the activity will increase blood flow and provide temporary relief from muscle aches and thereby promote flexibility in the problem area(s).
How is It Diagnosed?
Common areas of the body where myofascial pain syndrome is often localized are the neck and back areas. They may affect only one side, although it is possible for one side of the body may be in more discomfort than the other side. The affected areas are often tender upon touch, although there is generally no alteration in the skin tone or texture. A qualified orthopedic surgeon can diagnose this condition upon examination and provide an effective treatment program.
How to Treat It?
An effective treatment program may include muscle stretching, exercise advice, reducing stress through relaxation and other beneficial exercises, and even physical therapy rehabilitation. Set up an appointment with us and we will discuss this and further information on our treatment plans with you.