Arthritis can occur in any joint but occurs most often in weight bearing joints such as the knees and hips. Arthritis is the informal way of referring to joint pain and or joint disease. More than 100 types of arthritis affect Americans each year and is the leading cause of disability in the United States.
Common symptoms of arthritis in the joint can include:
- decreased range of motion
Arthritis in the Knee
There are three major types of arthritis that can affect the knee which are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and posttraumatic arthritis. We will focus on osteoarthritis which is the most common form of arthritis in the knee.
Osteoarthritis is the “wear-and-tear” of the cartilage in the knee. As the cartilage wears away, it becomes frayed and rough, and the protective space between the bones decreases. This can become very painful as the bone begins rubbing on bone. Osteoarthritis develops slowly over time and most often is seen in people 50 years of age and older.
Stretching the calf, hamstring and quadriceps muscles take pressure off your knees and knee caps. Whether you’re active or not, stretching is the key for healthy knees.
- Weight Loss
Weight loss can be beneficial to improve knee pain. People with knee arthritis can lessen their pain by about 20% every 10 pounds they lose.
- Wearing the proper shoes
Wearing shoes that are comfortable and supportive can help alleviate pressure being place on the knee joint, which will help with proper leg balance and alignment,
- Strong Core
Having strong core muscles in your abdomen and lower back improves posture which lessens the pressure on your knees.